Hives are red and sometimes itchy bumps on your skin. It is an allergic reaction to a drug or food that usually causes them. Allergic reactions cause your body to release chemicals that can make your skin swell up in hives. A raised, itchy, bumpy rash that superficially resembles insect bites, hives can appear in small clusters or densely over a large area of the body. If hives are coupled with dizziness, shortness of breath, change in heart rate, it is best to contact your pediatrician or family doctor.
Short-term episodes of hives are known as “acute urticaria,” while hives lasting more than six weeks are considered chronic.
When kids accidentally ate foods they are allergic to, it is possible that they will develop hives. But, if they are not familiar, or not yet diagnosed as to what they are allergic to, skin test is done to determine what causes the eruption. Antihistamines like Benadryl (dipenhydramine) are given by the doctor to relieve the symptoms. These are over-the-counter drugs which can be bought at your local pharmacy.
While waiting for the swelling to disappear the parents can apply cool compress or wash cloths to the affected area. This helps relieve the itchiness. It is also advisable that the child wear loose fitting clothes, to avoid too much contact on the skin. Place the child in a cool room, this alleviate the itching. Make the child wear mittens, it helps prevent skin breakage due to constant itching.
Best treatment for hive is to avoid the triggering factor. This mean removing from the diet of the child what causes the allergic reaction.
Informing other people of the allergy condition of the child may also help parents. Immediate adult supervisors like teachers and school administrators should also be informed so that they will know how to assist the child if ever it happens again.